Membangun Ketahanan Berbasis Komunitas dalam Mengurangi Risiko Bencana di Desa Pilomonu Kabupaten Gorontalo
BUILDING RESILIENCE BASED COMMUNITIES IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN THE PILOMONU VILLAGE GORONTALO REGENCY.
This article discusses the concept of community-based disaster risk reduction so that it can realize community resilience to disasters. The implementation of community-based disaster resilience programs uses participatory approaches, observation, interviews, socialization, training, and Forum Group Discussion (FGD). The establishment of the PRB and TSBM forums received a positive response from the community because Pilomonu Village was classified as a disaster-prone village, especially landslides and floods. Analysis of the resilience index conducted by the forum based on indicators and achievements found that Pilomonu Village is included in the category of 'village not yet strong' and the level of preparedness is low. Indicators of community disaster resilience that have been established and adjusted in the document can be the main focus of all parties related to disaster risk management. The PRB and TSBM forum are those who have overall access to improving disaster resilience because forum skills in involving stakeholders are a determinant of the success of disaster resilience to lower-level communities. Integration between the Pilomonu Village government program and disaster risk reduction forums can guarantee the sustainability of forum performance.
Adi, S. (2013). Karakterisasi bencana banjir bandang di Indonesia. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Indonesia, 15(1), 42-51.
Amri, M. R., Yulianti, G., Yunus, R., Wiguna, S., Adi, A. W., Ichwana, A. N., … Septian, R. T. (2016). Risiko bencana Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Nasional Penaggulangan Bencana.
Eraku, S. S., & Koem, S. (2018). Konservasi lingkungan berbasis masyarakat di Desa Motilango, Kabupaten Gorontalo Utara. Ethos: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengabdian, 6(1), 107-113.
Gero, A., Méheux, K., & Dominey-Howes, D. (2011). Integrating community based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: examples from the Pacific. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 11(1), 101-113. doi: 10.5194/nhess-11-101-2011
ISDR [International Strategy for Disaster Reduction]. (2005). Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015: building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. Final Report of the Word Conference on Disaster Reduction, 2006 (A/CONF. 206/6). Geneva: United Nations.
Jenkins, S. (2015). Resilience: The new paradigm in disaster management—An Australian perspective. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3(3), 129-139. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C020
Koem, S., & Rusiyah. (2017). Monitoring of drought events in Gorontalo regency. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 98, 012053. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/98/1/012053
Lassa, J. A., Boli, Y., Nakmofa, Y., Fanggidae, S., Ofong, A., & Leonis, H. (2018). Twenty years of community-based disaster risk reduction experience from a dryland village in Indonesia. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 10(1), 1-10. doi: 10.4102/jamba.v10i1.502
Ostadtaghizadeh, A., Ardalan, A., Paton, D., Jabbari, H., & Khankeh, H. R. (2015). Community disaster resilience: a systematic review on assessment models and tools. PLoS Currents, 7, 25905026. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.f224ef8efbdfcf1d508dd0de4d8210ed
Paton, D. (2009). Living on the ring of fire: Perspectives on managing natural hazard risk in pacific rim countries. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 3(1), 1-3. doi: 10.1375/prp.3.1.1
Pineda, M. V. G. (2015). Redefining Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) through Enhanced Early Warning Processes. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 5(7), 543-548. doi: 10.7763/IJIET.2015.V5.565
Shaw, R. (2006). Critical issues of community based flood mitigation: Examples from Bangladesh and Vietnam. Journal of Science & Culture Special Issue on "Flood Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia”, 72(1), 1-17.
Thornley, L., Ball, J., Signal, L., Lawson-Te Aho, K., & Rawson, E. (2015). Building community resilience: learning from the Canterbury earthquakes. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 10(1), 23-35. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2014.934846
Van Niekerk, D., Nemakonde, L. D., Kruger, L., & Genade, K. F. (2018). Community-Based Disaster Risk Management. In H. Rodríguez, W. Donner & J.E. Trainor (eds.), Handbook of disaster research (pp. 411-429). New York: Springer.
Copyright (c) 2019 Syahrizal Koem
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.