Sosialisasi Thalassemia Kepada Guru Biologi di Banyumas: Upaya Pencegahan Terintegrasi Melalui Kurikulum Sekolah
THALASSEMIA SOCIALIZATION TO BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN BANYUMAS: EFFORT OF INTEGRATED PREVENTION THROUGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM.
Thalassemia is a hematologic disease that causes hemoglobin blood defects. As a result, red blood cells become fragile and unable to perform their standard functions. Thalassemia in Indonesia is a quite lot. Recorded data, the carrier traits are about 3-10%, spread across all provinces. Currently, no final treatment can cure this disease altogether. Regular transfusion and iron chelating drugs are still survival of thalassemia patients. Prevention program is one of efficient handling. The pattern of thalassemia gene decline follows the laws of the recessive Mendel. Prevention is done by campaigning premarital screening to married couples or further to younger individuals so they can plan marriages wisely. High School Biology teachers are an essential factor in preventing thalassemia. They can deliver prevention programs through lessons at school. They can also be pioneers in an early self-detection carrier to teenagers before they plan a marriage. Because of its strategic role, the socialization of thalassemia in high school teachers becomes very important.
Cao, A., & Kan, Y. W. (2013). The prevention of thalassemia. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 3(2), 1-16. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a011775
Greene, M. (2014). Thalassemia: Causes, Treatment Options and Long-Term Health Outcomes. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Hapsari, A. T., & Rujito, L. (2015). Uji diagnostik indeks darah dan identifikasi molekuler karier talasemia β pada pendonor darah di Banyumas. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya, 28(3), 233-237. doi: 10.21776/ub.jkb.2015.028.03.13
Higgs, D. R., Engel, J. D., & Stamatoyannopoulos, G. (2012). Thalassaemia. The Lancet, 379(9813), 373-383.
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2010). Pencegahan Thalassemia (Hasil Kajian Health Technology Assesment tahun 2009). Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.
Rujito, L., Basalamah, M., Siswandari, W., Setyono, J., Wulandari, G., Mulatsih, S., Sofro, A. S. M., Sadewa, A. H. & Sutaryo, S. (2016). Modifying effect of XmnI, BCL11A, and HBS1L-MYB on clinical appearances: A study on β-thalassemia and hemoglobin E/β-thalassemia patients in Indonesia. Hematology/oncology and stem cell therapy, 9(2), 55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.hemonc.2016.02.003
Copyright (c) 2018 Lantip Rujito, Diyah Woro Dwi Lestari, Abdul Aziz, Dinar Faiza
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.